About 10 ASEAN countries. History of the 10th ASEAN countries.
In the conditions of capitalism. The economy is driven and motivated to countries hurriedly stepped forward quickly. In addition, countries that are included in a global society. I can not single-handedly. It requires the integration of countries in the region to increase their bargaining power and increase their competitiveness in the international arena. In order to gain mutual benefit and developing countries in this region together with the Southeast Asian or ASEAN, the ASEAN Agreement for the community or a community within the same year 2558. (AD 2015).
But first we will look at the contents of an ASEAN Community by this. We will come back to see the integration of the ASEAN countries that do well. ASEAN as a present.
By ASEAN or Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN: The Association of South East Asian Nations) was established on August 8, 2510, the ASEAN countries are Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Singapore later in the year. Prof. Brunei Darussalam joined in 2527 as a member. Followed by Vietnam became a member on the 2538 Burma and Laos became a member in 2540 and the last one is Cambodian. Join ASEAN ASEAN member countries on the 2542 total of 10 countries.
About 10 ASEAN countries.
One. Brunei Darussalam (Brunei Darussalam).
Brunei has an official name. "The Karachi Brunei Darussalam" the city "Bandar Seri Begawan" capital. It is a country that is not large. It has an area of about 5765 square kilometers. Ruled with absolutism The monarch is the head with a population of 381,371 people (Year 2550) by nearly 70% Muslim population. The Malay language is the official language.
Two. Kingdom of Cambodia (Kingdom of Cambodia).
Is the capital city of Phnom Penh is the country's border with Thailand in the north. And has an area of 181,035 square kilometers west. Or about one in three of the country's population of 14 million people (Year 2550) by more than 80% of the population live in rural areas 95% Theravada Buddhist. Khmer is the official language. But there are many people who speak English, French and Vietnamese.
Three. Republic of Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia).
Jakarta is the capital city is among the world's largest island with an area of 1,919,440 square kilometers. And has a population of 240 million people (Year 2553) with 61% living on the island of Java. Most Muslims and Language Bahasa Indonesia is the official language.
4th. Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) (The Lao People's Democratic Republic of Lao PDR).
Is the capital Vientiane with Thailand to the west. Laos has an area of about half of the country is 236,800 square kilometers, more than 90% is mountainous and plateau areas. And sea areas is currently ruled by the socialist regime, with a population of 6.4 million people use the Lao language. Thailand, but there are people who speak English and French. Most of the population are Buddhists.
Five. Country (Malaysia).
The capital city is Kuala Lumpur. Is a country located in the equatorial region. Divided into West Malaysia, the Malay Peninsula. And East Malaysia. Located on the island of Borneo. The country has an area of 329,758 square kilometers and a population of 26.24 million people, Islam is the state religion, language Bahasa Melayu is the official language.
6. Republic of the Philippines (Republic of the Philippines).
Manila is the capital of the island is composed of 7,107 islands of various sizes including a land area of 298.170 square kilometers with a population of 92 million people (Year 2553) mainly Christian. The country's population is Roman Catholic Christianity is the world's fourth most used language in the country to 170, but the English language. Check your eyes and language. The official language.
7th. Republic of Singapore (The Republic of Singapore).
London is the capital city is located on a strategic position at the center of the ASEAN transport ship. The countries with the most developed economy in this area. Despite the area around 699 square kilometers with a population of 4.48 million people use English as the official language. But the Malay language as the national language. The current Republican administration. (Unicameral parliamentary democracy).
Eight. Kingdom of Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand).
Bangkok is the capital, has an area of 513,115.02 square kilometers, consists of 77 provinces with a population of 65.4 million people (Year 2553 data), most Buddhists. Thailand is the official language and the language. Democratic rule. The monarch is the head of the body.
9th. Socialist Republic of Vietnam (The Socialist Republic of Vietnam).
Hanoi is the capital of the area 331,689 square kilometers. A survey of the year 2553 with a population of about 88 million people, about 25% live in urban areas. Most 70 percent Mahayana Buddhists. The rest of the Christian Democratic Socialist Communist rule.
10. The Union of Burma (Union of Myanmar).
Nevada's capital is close to the contact with the country to the east. The country has an area of about 678,500 square kilometers and a population of 48 million people, more than 90% Theravada or Hinayana Buddhism and the Burmese language is the official language.
During 44 years of ASEAN cooperation. As well as a framework for cooperation. For strengthening. Including members of the national security, economic security. Society and Culture in the year 2558 and the ASEAN approach towards ASEAN perfectly. Under the slogan. "One Vision. One unique. The community "(One Vision, One Identity, One Community) by focusing on three communities is ASEAN Political-Security Community (ASEAN Political Security Community: APSC) AEC (ASEAN Economic Community: AEC) and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural. ASEAN (ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community: ASCC).
On March 1, 2552, ASEAN leaders have endorsed Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap ASEAN Community (2009-2015 AD) to establish an ASEAN Community by the year 2558, which includes the main three pillars of the ASEAN Community. hereinafter
One. European Political-Security Community (ASEAN Security Community - ASC) heading to a peaceful coexistence in the region. With conflict resolution. Between each well. Stability side. A framework for cooperation to deal with security threats, both traditional and new forms for people's safety and security.
Two. AEC (ASEAN Economic Community - AEC) aims to achieve economic integration. And facilitate the trade between them. This will make the region prosper. And can compete with other regions for the welfare of the people of ASEAN countries by
Encouraging the free flow of goods, services, capital investment and economic development. And the reduction of poverty and social inequality by 2020.
Make ASEAN a single market and production base (single market and production base).
To assist the new members of ASEAN to reduce the development gap and help these countries participate in the process of economic integration of ASEAN.
Promote cooperation in macroeconomic and financial policies, financial markets and capital markets. To cover insurance and taxes. CAAC infrastructure development and communications. Development cooperation in the agriculture, energy, tourism Development of human resources by raising the level of education and skill development.
Navigation key products and services. Will be joining the agriculture / fishery / wood products / rubber / textile / Automotive / Electronics / Information Technology (e-ASEAN) / Health, Tourism and Civil Aviation (Aviation. ) designated the year 2558 as the year started officially reunited. The zero tolerance policy towards Burma and Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand have been assigned to the Roadmap and Air Transportation (Aviation).
Three. ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community - ASCC) for each of the ASEAN countries, together with the concept of social generosity. The welfare of society. And social stability.
For preparing to move into a community that ASEAN. Thailand as a leader in the founding of ASEAN. Has the potential to become leaders in building a strong ASEAN Community. We have to prepare to step into the ASEAN citizens. The focus of the study. Which is located in the community, society and culture. To have an important role to encourage other communities to be strengthened. Because education is the foundation of development in all areas and will promote Thailand as the ASEAN Studies Center. A center of religious learning and culture. ASEAN to drive with Education. With an understanding with regard to the neighboring ASEAN countries. Differences of ethnicity. Human rights. As well as to promote the teaching of foreign languages to communicate with each other in the development of the ASEAN Community.